|h 16,8; ø piede 6,7
|Place and chronology
|Salentino - Tomb. 19. 6th century BC
The oinochòe (in Greek oinos, vino, and chéo, pour) is a jug for wine, with an expanded opening, a deep opening and a sturdy rear handle. In the banquet scenes, on painted pottery, the oinochòe is depicted in its function of pouring wine from the kraters into the cups. It is a very widespread form, present among the most ancient samples of the Greek-Aegean area from the X century BC. The oinochòe often has a three-lobed rim, less frequently it is circular, and may be of elongated or rounded shape; in some cases, it can have an animal-like or anthropomorphous shape.
The oinochòe decorated with bands of various thickness spreads throughout Peucetia, particularly between the VI and the IV century BC, thanks to commercial trade with the neighbouring colonies of Magna Graecia, Taranto and Metaponto. This type of decoration is a simplified form of geometric motifs that spread from the Greek world all throughout the Mediterranean from the early centuries of the second millennium BC, forming the basis of the decorative repertoire most used by ceramic decorators of the local indigenous cultures, including the Peucetians.